Cyber security refers to the protection of internet-connected systems including hardware, software, and data, from cyber attacks. Similarly, it encompasses a wide range of technologies, practices, and also policies that are used to protect networks, systems, and data from unauthorized access. From its use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.
The main goals of cyber security are to protect the confidentiality, integrity, availability of information and systems. Confidentiality refers to protecting sensitive information from unauthorized access or disclosure. Integrity refers to ensuring that information and systems are accurate and complete. That unauthorized changes are not made to them. Availability refers to ensuring that systems and also services are accessible and usable when needed.
Cybersecurity encompasses a wide range of technologies, processes, and also practices. That are used to protect computer systems, networks, and data from cyber attacks.
The process of protecting computer networks from unauthorized access, misuse, and disruption. This includes the use of firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and VPNs.
The process of protecting individual devices, such as computers, laptops, and mobile devices, from cyber attacks. This can include antivirus software, firewalls, and encryption.
The process of securing data and applications that are stored or accessed via cloud-based services. This can include encryption, access controls, threat detection and response.
The process of securing software applications from vulnerabilities and attacks. This can also include code review, vulnerability scanning, and secure coding practices.
The process of managing and protecting an organization's digital identities and access to resources. This can also include authentication, authorization, and access control.
The process of protecting data from unauthorized access, modification, or destruction. This can include encryption, backups, and access controls.
The process of identifying, responding to, and also recovering from cyber security breaches. This can include incident management, incident response planning, and incident response teams.
The process of identifying, assessing, and mitigating cybersecurity risks. Similarly, this can include risk assessments, penetration testing, and vulnerability management.
The process of ensuring that an organization is in compliance with relevant regulations and standards. For example HIPAA, PCI-DSS, SOC 2 Type 1 and Type 2, ISO27001 and GDPR.
Cyber security is increasingly important in today’s digital age, as the reliance on technology and also the internet continues to grow. The increasing number of cyber attacks and the potential consequences of a security breach make it essential for organizations to prioritize cyber security.
Organizations implement a variety of security controls, such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and security information and event management (SIEM) solutions. Additionally, organizations also implement security policies and procedures. Such as incident response plans, security awareness training, and also security audits, to help protect against cyber attacks.
A type of software specifically designed to harm computer systems or networks. This can also include viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and ransomware.
Attempts to trick individuals into providing sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial information, through fraudulent email or website.
A type of cyber attack that involves overwhelming a website or network with traffic in order to disrupt service.
Techniques used to manipulate individuals into divulging sensitive information or performing an action. This can include phishing, baiting, pretexting and quid pro quo.
A type of cyber attack that involves an employee, contractor or vendor with authorized access to an organization's network or systems, using that access to commit unauthorized activities.
A type of cyber attack that involves a prolonged and targeted attempt to gain access to sensitive information. This is often used by nation-state actors and criminal organizations.
Cyber threats that target Internet of things(IoT) devices such as smart devices, security cameras, and also other connected devices.
A type of cyber attack that involves using a victim's computer resources to mine cryptocurrency without the victim's knowledge or consent.
These are just a few examples of the many different types of cyber threats that organizations may face. It’s important to be aware of these threats and take steps to protect against them. Such as implementing security controls, conducting regular security assessments and also educating employees on how to identify and respond to cyber threats.
Managing cybersecurity involves implementing and maintaining a comprehensive set of security controls and also practices. Therefore, to protect an organization’s systems, networks, and also data from cyber attacks.
Managing cybersecurity is a continuous process that requires regular monitoring, review, and updates to stay ahead of evolving cyber threats. It’s important for organizations to have a dedicated team or individual responsible for cybersecurity management. Hence to ensure that all employees are aware of their role in protecting the organization from cyber threats.